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Ù1     Appendix 1 - Part II:  Chapter 1

 

‘The Languages of The Light, The Dark and The Vial’

 

Poetic licence has been used in this description, for these are not languages at all.  They resemble in no shape or form Tolkien’s marvelous constructions of his ‘secret vice’ as he called it, exploiting his genius and scholarship for languages, ancient and modern. 

 

Much has been written on Tolkien’s languages, and numerous websites have been dedicated to a discussion on these (see ‘About Others’) ,  so no further comment will be made here other than to say the languages that Tolkien created rose from his fascination with the relationship of culture and language, and the magic and imagery of words. 

 

TROL is in awe of Tolkien’s linguistic creations and makes no claim to the study or knowledge of them, and only in one chapter, has any attempt been made to use a few words.

 

However, in the spirit of the magic and imagery provided by words not immediately understood, words from some foreign and mystic tongue, TROL has employed a simple letter transposition key for some expressions of The Light, The Dark and The Vial.  This key is not meant to be secret in any way and is easily decipherable, and for those who are interested, is given in the table below.

 

The simple key to the transposition of letters

 

 

 

 

Of The Light

 

 

 

Of

The Dark

 

 

Of the Vial: random

a

e

 

a

u

 

a

u

e

a

 

e

o

 

e

i

i

o

 

i

i

 

i

a

o

i

 

o

e

 

o

e

u

u

 

u

a

 

u

o

b

c

 

b

z

 

b

h

c

b

 

c

y

 

c

v

d

f

 

d

w

 

d

n

f

d

 

f

x

 

f

b

g

h

 

g

v

 

g

p

h

g

 

h

t

 

h

c

j

k

 

j

s

 

j

d

k

j

 

k

r

 

k

l

l

m

 

l

q

 

l

y

m

l

 

m

p

 

m

s

n

p

 

n

n

 

n

m

p

n

 

p

m

 

p

t

q

r

 

q

l

 

q

r

r

q

 

r

k

 

r

k

s

t

 

s

j

 

s

x

t

s

 

t

h

 

t

w




Ù2     Appendix 2 - PartII:  Chapter 1

What shapes the thoughts and words, what drives the intertwining of characters and their stories, how is the intrigue melded?   Contained within this Appendix are brief flashes of revelation, which may provide insight into the working together of these threads.

Ù2.1  Gollum’s part

How does this creature play a role in TROL, and how is his absence significant?  Both The Light and The Dark seek him; both know this of the other.  Both cannot fathom his disappearance – but this is of critical importance to TROL.

And of Gollum’s end in LOTR, the book and films differ markedly.  Jackson has Gollum fighting with Frodo on the edge of the abyss, with both plunging over the precipice, Gollum to the molten lava below, Frodo to be rescued.  Tolkien has written this very differently:

‘Frodo… fallen upon his knees, at the chasm’s edge. But Gollum, dancing like a mad thing… lifted up to gloat on his prize, he stepped too far, toppled, wavered for a moment on the brink, then with a shriek he fell…’  (ROTK, Mount Doom)

This is a critical point for TROL, but of this now no more will be said.

Ù2.2  Éowyn and Aragorn:  words said at their parting at Dunharrow
There is a very different account of the speaking of ‘a shadow and a thought’ between book and film.  In the book Aragorn recounts this to Éomer; in the film, Aragorn speaks these words to Éowyn at their parting.  Desperately an attempt was made in TROL to remain faithful to the words of the book, but this transposition in the film is so powerful and poignant, that it could not be denied in TROL.  However, it is not necessary for it to be these words said at their parting, for Aragorn to say in TROL: 

I hope you will forgive me for the hurt of those words and those not properly said, and the sorrow they must have caused you.’

for Aragorn said much in the book that was ‘hurtful’ anyway.  In fact Éowyn and her motives, were dealt with pretty shabbily by Aragorn – and dare it be said, by Tolkien himself – but no more of this will be discussed now.

Ù2.3  Éowyn and the music
Through the veil of time, the refrain heard by Éowyn resonates with the majesty of a soulful passage of Bach’s  Oratorio Sinfonia.  


Ù2.4  Éowyn’s role

Both The Light and The Dark acknowledged the significance of Éowyn in TROL.  Here Gandalf not only acknowledges this openly for the first time, but that:

‘I sense that Sauron is aware of this also.’

In addition to identifying a concurrence of thinking between Gandalf and Sauron on this particular matter, a seed is sown here that there is some direct ‘connection’ between these two Maiar, and this becomes an ominous thread.

See later:

I feel the eve of dawn, cold and grey.  

²

I feel the eve of dawn, which I sense through Sauron’s darkness, appears cold and grey.

Ù2.5  Éowyn’s and Faramir:  words between them in TROL

Of the relationship of Éowyn and Faramir, while mention was directly made of a betrothal in ROTK:

 ‘and she (Éowyn) grants it full willing. Therefore they (Faramir and Éowyn) shall be trothplight before you all.’  (ROTK, Many Partings)

there is no mention of an actual wedding occurring in LOTR,  or in the Chief Days and Later Events of Appendix B.  Although as Encyclopedia of Arda (EOA) reports, there is a mention of Faramir’s grandson, Barahir, ‘the details of Barahir's descent are uncertain’ (EOA).  These are minor points for LOTR; yet a major issue for TROL; but no more of this will be said for now.

 

 

 

 

Ù3     Appendix 3 - PartII:  Chapter 2

 

 ‘Poetic variation’:  what and why

 

From the traditions of the Baroque, and in particular the majesty of the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, comes the thrill and beauty of the variation set.   Inspired by these harmonies yet uniqueness in sound, and those of the poetry of JRR Tolkien, this concept of ‘variation’ was adopted to the rhythm and rhyme of the simple poetic form.    The purpose was to capture commonality yet complexion, theme yet temperament, of the inner thoughts and revelations aroused by the Elendil Bands in each character, which no simple prose could fittingly express.

 

As each poem revisits the lore of LOTR and connects this to the new lore of TROL, every character has a uniquely constructed poetic form.  This uniqueness attempts to capture the spirit of the character, as did Tolkien with his poetry.  It is created from variations in the elements of number of verses, verse length, meter and rhyme pattern, with a special form fashioned for each of the two Maiar.   A basic sonnet for Gandalf, to link him with heroes of classical writings, and a prose style for Sauron, where repeated words link lines, to reflect the nature of controlled dark power. 

 

This process has created 13 variations, spanning meter forms from 5 to 17, with a token of character complexity reflected in the meter length, while still maintaining a commonality of those of the same race (‘of men’ and ‘of hobbits’) via the use of the same number of lines in each verse.

 

For those who are interested, the character and poetic forms are given in the table below.

 

Character

Poetic form

Verse

Lines

Meter

Rhyming  pattern

Colour coded ‘a-f’ to highlight poetic variations (letters ‘g+’ uncoloured)

Writer

1

1

4

2

17

a a b b    c c d d

The Light

 

#

6

11

a a b b c c    d d e e f f     r

Aragorn

 

2

4

15

c c    f f

Eowyn

 

7

4

8

b c b    d e f e   g h i h    j k i k  r

Boromir

 

4

4

14

a a b b    c c a a     d d a a    a a e e

Faramir

 

2

4

13

a    d

Legolas

 

1

14

16

a a b b c c b b d d bbe e

Gimli

 

2

16

 

9 -> 5r

 

b d e g b i e j e

Merry & Pippin

 

2

12

6

a b c d d e f

g  h g h i j i j k l k g

 

Frodo & Sam

 

3

12

7

 

 

e d f

g h i h i j k j k l m l

m n o n o p q p q r s r

Gandalf

1

8

6

Iambic

Pentameter

b b a a b b a     c c c

Sauron

 

3

24

Prose form

 

 

 

 

 

Ù4     Appendix 4 - PartII:  Chapter 2

What shapes the thoughts and words, what drives the intertwining of characters and their stories, how is the intrigue melded?   Contained within this Appendix are brief flashes of revelation which may provide insight into the working together of these threads.

 

Ù4.1  The meaning of words

Uncovering the meaning of words is a constant struggle; here Gandalf reflects the struggle of the writer in the Prologue.  For no word has only its concrete denotation, every word has a connotation, often very specific to each speaker/writer : hearer/reader.   Every word is coloured by experience and association.  How difficult then it is to find a ‘correct meaning’, if ever there can be one, for speaker /writer : hearer/reader come from diverse inner worlds.   We struggle each day to respond spontaneously to the messages of words delivered to us, how much more difficult it is to resolve meaning when the words are in riddles.  This then is the challenge before the members of the Quest, and those of The Dark, attempting to decipher the incomplete and veiled messages they can intercept from The Light.  

Ù4.2   The majesty of the epic poem in all its forms!   

 The nature of ‘poetic variations’ is given in Appendix 1 and will not be commented on here, but can be obtained from:

Encyclopedia of Arda (EOA)
‘the Oldest and Fatherless’ (EOA) 
Middle-earth, consult Encyclopedia of Arda
Asëa aranion
The Middle-Earth Encyclopedia
(EOA)
Repeated references to EOA and Thrain’s book:  use links above
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce

With the conception of this chapter, it was realised that no simple prose or dialogue, could express the inner thoughts and revelations aroused by the Elendil Bands.  What was required was a vehicle to revisit the lore of LOTR and connect this to the new lore of TROL, through the power of narrative and poetic imagery.  The essence of the epic poem and the poetic creations of Tolkien, provided the structure for ‘experiencing’ these revelations.     Drama and imagery are achieved through a series of ‘epyllion-vignettes , interweaved with dialogue and events within The Light,  and interposed by the thoughts of The Dark.

Ù4.3   Éowyn and the music

Through the veil of time, the refrain heard by Éowyn resonates with a passage from Beethoven’s powerful and passionate Missa Solemnis.

Ù4.4   Durin’s Ring of Power:  the shadow of inconsistency

Much has been written about the dwarven tradition that Celebrimbor  gave one of the sixteen Rings of Power directly to Durin III, and therefore, Sauron only could have recovered fifteen Rings (see Encyclopedia of Arda (EOA):  Rings of Power .  The mystery is dealt with in TROL, but nothing further will be commented on here.

Ù4.5   Iarwain Ben Adar / Tom Bombadil:  the enigma of Middle-earth

Much has been surmised about the meaning and role in LOTR of this ‘mysterious and powerful being’,  ‘the Oldest and Fatherless’ (EOA).  TROL tackles the prevailing mystery and takes Ben Adar (‘the Ancient One’) out of the shadows and provides insight into the essence of this being, but no more of this will be said for now.

Ù4.6     ‘Must it be?' 'It must be!’:  the words of Beethoven

The words of Gimli and Gandalf mirror the famous words Beethoven wrote on the manuscript of the last movement of the String Quartet No 16 (headed ‘The Difficult Decision’) ‘Must it be?’;   to which Beethoven responds ‘It must be!’

 

 

 

 

Ù5     Appendix 5 - Part II : Chapter 3 - The chapter of the miraculous

 (linking the marvels of LOTR with that of TROL)

For insights into everything Middle-earth, consult Encyclopedia of Arda 

Characters

(in chronological  order)

That of Middle-earth

(in order of appearance)

That of TROL

(in order of revelation)

Those together in The Light

 

  • Introduced in previous chapters::  Members of The Light: Gandalf, Aragorn, Boromir, Éowyn, Faramir, Frodo, Gimli, Legolas, Merry, Pippin, Sam
  •  

    Potentially The Twelfth:  Gollum,

    Saruman

  • Introduced in previous chapters:  Elendil Bands; language of The Light; old versus new lore
  • Journey through time and space (with the loss of a sun and moon)
  • Vision of  the ‘travel-code’ of The Light
  • Chronomap, linking time and location
  • If ‘the one possessed relinquishes The Dark’, the twelve days of the Quest are renewed
  • Transmission of thoughts across time and space
  • ‘One moment may be transformed later at will’
  • Five ancient keys from new lore
  • Those together in The  Dark

  • Introduced in previous chapters: Members of The Dark: Saruman, the Captain,   the Dark Lord (Sauron), the Lieutenant, the Master Mirdain; searching for The Creature, Gollum; Sauron’s Maiar connection with Gandalf
  • Rings of Power (ROP): three for dwarves, nine for Nazgûl
  • Controversy about whether the Ringwraiths continued to wear ROP
  • The One was forged and destroyed in the Fires of Doom
  • Annatar, Sauron’s disguise to seduce the Elves
  •  

  • Introduced in previous chapters:  the Dark Lord’s connection with Gandalf enables ‘íntervention’ into The Light;  language of The Dark; Sauron  has secretly ‘tied’ three Elven Rings of Power (ROP) to his;  Sauron’s connection with
  • Creature not found (Sauron seems to know a reason why)
  • Ringwraiths continue to wear ROP
  • Recasting Dark’s 12 ROP to be as powerful as the Elven Rings (concept of occult factor of 3)
  • Ancient code
  • ‘The night of dark moon’
  • Saruman’s arrival in The Dark
  • a pact, and vulnerability of Steward’s first born
  • Aragorn & Éowyn

    (A&E)

  • Arwen’s relinquishment of immortality
  • Son and daughters of Aragorn
  • Great Library and Books of Gondor
  • Elven manuscripts
  • Iarwain Ben-adar
  • Maiar
  • Elrond, Lord of Rivendell
  • Rivendell & Lothlórien
  • Blue Wizard, Alatar
  • Denethor
  • Nine’s fealty to the Dark Lord
  • Saruman was a great scholar on ROP
  • Finduilas death (2988) , link to brother Prince Imrahil, from Dol Amroth
  • Yáviérë, harvest festival of Gondor (21 Sept)
  • Pelargir, names from Númenóreans nobles:  Meneldur & Silmariën
  • Gandalf’s pendant
  • Location of buildings in Minas Tirith
  • Ben-adar involvement in rift between two Maiar
  • Elven manuscripts copied and secretly stored in Great Library of Gondor
  • Plan of Elrond
  • Raalta
  • Queen slain and  records obliterated
  • Gandalf the third to travel to Treebeard
  • Link between Denethor and Saruman
  • Memorial for Finduilas on 20 September 2989
  • Identity and names of Lord and Lady of Pelargir
  • Letter from Gandalf to Raalta
  • Gandalf pendant unlocking ‘doors’:  unlock what the mind and matter holds closed’
  • Locating Raalta’s room on 6th level Minas Tirith, near the Houses of Healing
  • ‘Hold moment in time…’
  • Must return to The Light on 10th day
  • Warning from Ben-adar, Dark may follow…
  • Gandalf to Éowyn: ‘choose the right path’
  • Sauron

    (within A&E section)

  • Ancient One (Ben-adar)
  • Morgoth
  • Sauron taunts the Ben-adar
  • First mention of connection with Morgoth, bringing his spirit back from the void
  • Gandalf & Ben-adar

     

  • Things in the universe are intertwined
  • Gandalf holds fast to the truth of the Maiar
  • Boromir & Faramir

    (B&F)

  • Boromir’s death, Denethor’s grief and unfair treatment of Faramir
  • Great Hall of Minas Tirith (MT)
  • Tower of Ecthelion
  • Denethor’s palantir
  • Date of Boromir’s death
  • Faramir seeing burial boat; Boromir’s horn heard in MT
  • Date when Gandalf arrived in MT (9 March 3019)
  • Location of King’s/Steward’s residences
  • Brotherly relationship of Boromir and Faramir
  • Alatar
  • Faramir and Éowyn:  meeting at houses of healing; betrothal (as in LOTR appendix)
  • ‘wild shieldmaiden’
  •  ‘Relationship’  between Aragorn & Éowyn
  •  

  • Blood pact:  Boromir’s recollection:  White and Black Wizard (Gandalf’s assumption about these)…
  • Secret stone stairs in Great Hall
  • Gandalf’s blue case
  • Memory released  - ‘fear it not so’
  • Gandalf speaking Sauron’s name:  intrusion of Sauron, intervention of Ben-adar
  • House of the Steward; Denethor’s private chambers; Council Room
  • Death of Boromir and Denethor cannot be undone
  • Travel date to Gondor:  8 March 3019
  • Gandalf realisation that Blue Wizard, Alatar, not Sauron’s agent at pact creation
  • Raalta, Protector of the Books
  • Difference in interests of brothers
  • Concern that The Light did not direct B&F to Raalta
  • Explanation of Faramir and Éowyn not getting married
  • Gandalf realizing Sauron’s eyes on Boromir
  • Sauron

    (within B&F section)

     

  • Sauron speaks to the Ancient One
  • ‘Wizard calls me into The Light…’
  • Spreading of support weakens host
  • Sauron ‘speaks’ of Boromir
  • Sauron applying pressure on Saruman to penetrate The Light and capture Boromir
  • Gandalf & Ben-adar

     

  • Gandalf declares that he understands cause of rift between Saruman and Alatar
  • Issue who Gandalf means ‘can we protect both’ (meaning Raalta and Boromir) – reflecting ambiguity about what were JRRT’s ‘Two Towers’.
  • Legolas & Gimli

    (L&G)

  • Four Rings of Power (ROP)
  • Thráin II (suspicious and proud), secret plan to travel to Erebor; hunted by emissaries of Sauron and captured; Sauron recaptured his ROP, imprisoned Thráin in Dol Guldur
  • Three ROP lost their powers after the destruction of The One
  • Gandalf wore Narya, Galadriel Nenya; Elrond Vilya
  • Line of the dwarves:  Borin, Dain, Thráin II
  • Dwarven tradition  about Celebrimbor giving ring to Durin III directly
  • Durin’s Day
  • Disaster of Gladden Fields:  25 September III2, loss of One Ring
  • Confirming state of relationship of Elves and Dwarfs over Ages
  • Date of departure from Grey Havens (29 Sept)
  • Rivendell and Lothlorien; Ered Luin, Nogrod and Belegost
  • Stone of Durin
  • Gandalf met Thráin in dungeons of Dol Guldur where Thráin gave Gandalf the map/key.
  •  

  • Old lore to be questioned
  • Three Elven ROP continued to be powerful after destruction of The One
  • Evil only temporarily destroyed; aim of Quest:  destruction of evil ‘forever’
  • Gandalf relinquishes Narya
  • Power of Light’s coffers (jointly they repel intrusion)
  • ‘Walked close to the edge of The Dark’
  • Conjunction of time and movement of ‘Board’
  • Date of Thráin’s departure: after festivities of Durin’s day, date set at: 25 September III 2841
  • Gimli & Legolas  recall Light’s words wrt Queen’s ring & link with Gollum’s  jewel
  • Link of The One and Star of Elendil and start and end of Isildur’s journey:  27 August 3021
  • Thráin’s home found via seeing the ceremonial copy of Stone of Durin
  •  

    Faramir

  • Gandalf’s staff
  • Kingsfoil (Asëa aranion)
  • Interrupts Gandalf:  Boromir in a coma, The Dark trying to control him
  • Gandalf chants, use of Asëa aranion
  • Crown of staff: Varda’s star/light of Tranquility; finger-print recognition (transfer of part-power)
  • Inference regarding a union of Varda’s stars
  • Boromir & Faramir leave Light before dawn
  • Sauron

    (from within Faramir n L&G section)

     

  • Sauron realises Saruman’s failure to capture Boromir
  • Calls upon Morgoth…
  • Gandalf & Ben-adar

    (from within Faramir in L&G section)

     

  • Gandalf senses Sauron calling Morgoth – and seeks Light to ‘forestall Dark’s plans
  • Gandalf seeks Ben-adar’s advice, and is reassured
  •  

    Sauron

    (within L&G section)

  • Gandalf - a Maia of Manwé
  • Senses the ownership of Narya has changed
  • Calls for Master Mirdain to find the answer
  • Disdainfully speaks to Ben-adar
  • Sauron feels Gandalf’s turmoil in trying to locate the right date to do with the relinquishment of the Elven ROP
  • Senses Gandalf’s connection of Elven Rings and Isildur
  • Sauron senses use of chronomap – taunts Ben-adar
  • Sauron taunts Gandalf (close and senses Gandalf’s fear)
  • Frodo & Sam

    (F&S)

  • Sméagol/Gollum and his ‘precious’
  • Gandalf: restating Gollum had ‘part to play’
  • Bilbo finding The One
  • Bilbo leaving on Quest for Erebor – journey May date III 2941
  • Bilbo’s inaccurate recounting of dates and story about his find
  • Concept of the One deserting Gollum
  • Gollum hid his precious in a hole on his island
  • Dates of Quest of Erebor:  April to October; Bilbo’s return during the following year.
  • Bilbo avoiding the Sackville-Bagginses
  • Birthdates of Frodo & Sam
  • Durin’s Stone
  • Durin Deathless looked upon Mirrormere
  • Dragon Smaug
  • Five treasures recovered when Smaug destroyed:  Arkenstone, cup of Thrór, Elven chainmail; necklace of Girion
  • Thórin’s death, Battle of Five Armies
  • Mirrormere stars shine in the lake although the sun shines
  • Eönwë:  the herald and greatest of Maiar
  • Phial of Galadriel (Evening Star, Eärendil)
  • Iarwain Ben-adar/Tom Bombadil (of Old Forest)
  • Old Forest/Grey Wood of Gondor
  • Seventh Age
  • Shire calendar / equivalent dates in modern calendar
  • Birth date of JRRT – 3 January
  • Saruman murdered by Wormtongue in the Shire
  • Meeting of Saruman and Gandalf after the fall of Isengard
  • Time could be ‘renewed’ with 12th member relinquishing evil
  • Gollum not located ‘in the future’
  • Secret of Gollum – ‘the jewel’
  • Gaffer’s date of Bilbo’s return: MidYear’s Day, 22 June 2942
  • Sam:  ‘strength of simple spirit’
  • First ancient key:  Star of Durin (SOD) (special gift given to Gandalf and this known to Bilbo).  Blue crystal in water (colour of sky and seas to the West).  Star of Insight.
  • Gandalf hints at ‘other stars’
  • Special release to open SOD  box
  • Gandalf: ‘Í hear much that is said’…
  • Second ancient key: The Horn of Eönwë:  ‘…voice will sound as if it comes from the masters of the heavens themselves’; open by special words
  • Travel to Ben-adar – not as Frodo and Sam know Tom Bombadil – travel to Seventh Age in the Grey Wood
  • Meaning of death
  • Travel on date commemorating birth of Master of Middle-earth – JRRT 3 January 2001 (new millennium)
  • Saruman may have knowledge important for Aragorn& Éowyn, Boromir & Faramir
  • Concept: ‘It is often that which not all is known about and seems beyond hope, that bears most fruit’
  • Sauron

    (within F&S section)

  • JRRT’s Ben-adar:  desire to understand but not to control or intervene
  • Senses power of light (from Star of Durin), dismisses it and taints Ben-adar
  • Recognised voice of Eönwë
  • Realises Gandalf has Horn of Eönwë, seeks  answers from Lieutenant and Saruman
  • Taunts Gandalf with his inability to protect all those of the Quest.
  • Gandalf & Ben-Adar

  • Gandalf & Ben-adar  converse (discussion not revealed)
  • Merry & Pippin

    (M&P)

  • Goblin of Moria
  • JRRT’s birthdate:  3 January.
  • Wellinghall: one of Treebeard’s houses in Fangorn
  • Escape of Merry/Pippin when Rohirrim attacked the orcs in LOTR
  • History of the Ents, Entwives (uncertainty of JRRT to their existence)
  • Nimloth, White Tree of Minas Ithil, Sauron chopping it down (3280) Isildur stealing a fruit. Sauron burning Nimloth on a pyre as a sacrifice for Melkor,
  • Eagles of Manwé:  Gwaihir, Thorondor
  • Ent-draught
  • Old Man Willow
  • Yavanna; mirror of Galadriel
  • Master of nature (Ben-adar)
  • Treebeard moves laboriously slow
  • Rúmil – loremaster of Númenor’s downfall
  • Morgoth and Sauron connection
  • Link of ‘star’ to Silmarils (and how they burnt the hands of those who touched them)
  • Overheard Frodo’s ‘whisper’ through the Horn of Eönwë
  • Merry and Pippin gained a concession for the Quest, whereby through Treebeard, the Quest may gain ‘one future power’
  • ‘Three from the Tree’: revealed that the three are:  Merry, Pippin and Gandalf
  • Time for Merry & Pippin to seek out Treebeard – concordance of time and spirit3 January 2001
  • Effect of Gandalf uttering Sauron’s name:  Gandalf realises this
  • Treebeard & Gwaihir friendship and rescue of piece of Nimloth
  • Magic of piece of Nimloth – voice and powers: 
  • Third ancient key: Emerald Star  of Earth, Star of Connection, Treebeard medallion ‘calling’ device
  • Magic powers of:  the scroll of Rúmil (never ends, contains code protection) and the feather of Thorondor –quill of Rúmil (writes as words are spoken)
  • Sauron

    (within M&P section)

  • Sauron enters The Light as Gandalf utters his name, increase in size of symbol, greater size that that for Ben-adar,
  • Sauron taunts Ben-adar:  Morgoth and Sauron  ‘will be one’
  • Sauron enters at the words from the White Tree, Ben-adar counters his intrusion into The Light
  • Sauron senses power of connected Lights
  • Sauron questions Gandalf’s laughter – he does not understand humour
  • Gandalf &

    Ben-Adar

     

  • Gandalf & Ben-adar converse (discussion not revealed )
  • Legolas & Gimli

    (meeting 2)

  • Sauron’s emissaries within Middle earth tracked Thráin’s journey
  • Dwarf insignia (crest of House of Durin)
  • A replica drawing of the Gate of Moria visible only to Dwarf Kings  and Gandalf (as a Maia)
  • Sauron

  • One targeted via a tracer
  • The Light at maximum power just at dawn, The Dark in the minutes before dawn
  • Sauron tells Gandalf that he can read his thoughts
  •  

    Gandalf & Aragorn

  • Protective mist of The Light
  • Boromir departed, Éowyn targeted
  • Transmitted life force for all
  • Quest dependent on Éowyn, Sauron is aware
  • Gandalf














  • Lines from Tolkien’s Eärendil poem (see last 2 lines in Sauron below ):
  • Eärendil sprang up from the Ocean’s cup
  • In the gloom of the mid-world’s rim
  • A lament on the Seventh Age – variations in poetic form:
  • Verse 1:  an opening of wonder and concern
  • Verse 2:  an expression with the contrary on the same line
  • Verse 3:  an expression with the contrary on the next line
  • Verse 4 – 4 lines of the positive – then”:
  • Verse 5 – 4 lines of the contrary
  • Verse 6 – 3 lines of the negative, but resounding love confirmed
  •  

  • Calls on the help of Ben-adar
  • Final two lines in the words of The Light (mirroring Tolkien’s poem): –
  • Gina tqopht un dqil sha mohgs’t bun

    Ius id sga hmiil id sga lof-yiqmf’t apf

    Translated to:

    Hope springs up from the Light’s cup

    Out of the gloom of the mid-world’s end’

    Sauron

  • Gandalf, King of Rohan, Ranger went to Saruman after the fall of Isengard
  • White Tree Nimloth
  • Yavanna
  • Morgoth’s powers were spread too widely and dissipated






  • Lines from Tolkien’s Eärendil poem
  • (see first 2 lines in Gandalf above ):

  • From the door of Night as a ray of light
  • Leapt over the twilight brim.
  • Seeking meaning from Ancient Texts of: blue and green light; Horn of Eönwë.
  • Aware that the Elven manuscripts had been copied and held secretly in Library of Gondor1
  • Learns of folklore that the Star of Earth hidden in Nimloth
  • Gandalf’s powers were spread too widely to cover elven, allowing Sauron to penetrate his mind
  • Variations on Gandalf’s lament – where Sauron perceives only the negative
  • Final two lines in the words of The Dark and Chapter 3 (mirroring Tolkien’s poem):
  • Xkep hto week ex Nivth, Wukr’j jtuxh ex zqivth,

    Diqq egok uqq Qivth’j xekyoj ofhonw.

    Translated to:

    From the door of Night, Dark’s shaft of blight,

    Will over all Light’s forces extend.



     

     

    Ù6     Appendix 6 - PartII : Chapter 3

     

    What shapes the thoughts and words, what drives the intertwining of characters and their stories, how is the intrigue melded?   Contained within this Appendix are brief flashes of revelation, which may provide insight into the working together of these threads.

     

    Ù6.1  The controversy of the Nazgûl and their Rings of Power (ROP)

    The controversy surrounds whether Sauron recovered the nine ROP once the mortal kings became Nazgûl.  This has arisen from different wording relating to the possession of The Nine  (from Thrain’s Book ): 

    Sauron is said to be in possession of the Nine Rings in ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’, ‘Unfinished Tales’ and Letter #246. However, in ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’, it says "The Nine the Nazgûl keep. 

    See also Grey Havens.

    TROL has taken the view that Sauron was always in ‘possession’ of The Nine as he controlled the Nazgûl and The Nine through The One and other Dark means – but he did not physically hold these ROP, they were always worn by the Nazgûl. 

    Ù6.2   The Lieutenant, ‘the Mouth of Sauron’   

    The Lieutenant was Sauron’s second in command (to that of the Lord of the Nazgûl), his ambassador and one of great power and influence  (EOAThe Middle-Earth Encyclopedia )   His heritage and being is shrouded in LOTR. 

     

    Peter Jackson in ROTK has taken the ambassadorial role, described as ‘mouth of Sauron’,  and literally depicted the Lieutenant as blind with a monstrous mouth – a most unfortunate  interpretation, of which no more will be said here.

     

    TROL has taken the character, embellished his heritage and given him the status due toTolkien’s sketch of him.

     

    Ù6.3   The Maiar of Middle-earth

    Spirits from the Arda, powerful beings who were servants of the Valar, sent to Middle-earth (ME) to guide by the spreading of knowledge, but not to rule them.  In the Third Age, the most important in physical form in LOTR and TROL were: Sauron (corrupted by Morgoth), Saruman and Gandalf, and the more shadowy Radagast and Blue Wizards:  Alatar and Pallando. (see EOA,  The Middle-Earth Encyclopedia)

    Ù6.4   Finduilas and Yáviérë

    Little is mentioned about Finduilas in LOTR, other than she was the wife of Denethor II,  sister of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth, mother of Boromir and Faramir, that she was beautiful and gentle-hearted, and died on 2988 (see The Middle-Earth Encyclopedia ). 

    Yáviérë, a Tolkien’s creation, is the harvest feast day of Gondor.

    TROL invents a memorial service for Finduilas in Dol Amroth, in conjunction with Yáviérë.

    Ù6.5   Minas Tirith and Raalta

    The magnificent seven-tiered citadel of the Kings of Gondor, forged out of Mount Mindolluin.  There are many depictions of the White City, see one: the map in The Middle-Earth Encyclopedia

    TROL has carved out its own city based on the various images, and creates not only the lodgings of the main office bearers, but the character, Raalta, the Protector of the Books.

    Ù6.6     Faramir and Éowyn

    Of the shadowy references made of Faramir’s and Éowyn’s relationship within ROTK, mention is made of a ‘trothplight’ (in ‘Many Partings’), and in an appendix, to a grandson, but there are unresolved issues of descent.

    TROL has carved out a new story, and realises that this will create angst for the Tolkien purists.  To these devotees, TROL begs forbearance.

    Ù6.7     Ben-adar, revelation and concordance of time

    TROL has taken Ben-adar out of the shadows of Middle-earth, and makes him a central soul.   He is cast in all chapters, being referred to by those of The Light and The Dark.  His pivotal role is explored throughout, but none more importantly than in the revelations he brings forth for Frodo and Sam on the day ‘when there is concordance of time and spirit’, as there will be for others on this date, but of this now no more will be said.

    Ù6.8     Ents and Entwives

    Much has been written of this race of giant tree-like protectors of the forests, and the disappearance of the Entwives, the fate of which even Tolkien was not certain/definitive (see EOA). 

     In any lore, not all can be known; TROL accepts this fate.

    Ù6.9     The interventions:  the intrusions, the forays

    The essence of TROL revolves around the balance of The Light and The Dark, and the invasion of The Light by The Dark.   So as the lore starts, The Dark lingers outside, but as it progresses, The Dark grows ever mightier, and the intrusions moves from The Light’s far reaches to its very heart.

     

    Through a Maiar-connection, The Dark Lord senses the words spoken in The Light, and when ‘called within by…’ (unrevealed to the reader for now), he can actually intrude.  

     

    For the intrusion in this point of time, the Dark Lord escalates his power, and Ben-adar attempting to repulse him, increases his (the size of both signs denote this foray); this action securing The Light for then.

     

    Ù6.10  The lament of Gandalf and Sauron’s response

    A poem, the name and authorship of which have been lost despite all searching to date, but for which the search will continue, inspired the two pivotal  prose poems of TROL, the lament of Gandalf and Sauron’s response.

    Gandalf speaks of his sense of the Seventh Age,  ‘of the harsh glare and the burning of the sun’ … ‘yet, resounding love shines through’.  Sauron sees the same world, but sees it as ‘where all love is ultimately annulled.’

     

     

     

     

     

    Ù7     Appendix 7 - PartIII:  Chapter 1

     

    1. Descriptive rhetoric and piercing spear:  what of these

     

    It is not surprising that with the sonorous name of James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (JJ) that JJ would be fascinated with words – the magnificence of their sound and their meaning, the vibrancy of their tone and texture.  And while Ulysses is an odyssey of a symbolic search, it is just as much an odyssey of experimental linguistic techniques.  Striving for the essence of the spiritual and mundane, and the spiritual in the mundane and mundane in the spiritual, JJ melded literary traditions and transformed them forever.

     

    And so it was with the vision of TROL, inspired by JJ and Ulysses, to attempt something new and unique, not to be bounded by what is accepted.  To shock, excite, and invigorate – to leave questioning – could this be more effectively written in the traditional or new.  So ‘direct dialogue’ (DD) was created:  ‘that which is written, will speak as it occurred’: a ploy to capture the immediacy and emotive sense of the spoken word - plunging the reader into the ‘conversation’.

     

     In its original full form, with identification of the speaker expressed by colour and font, it was thought too ‘radically different’ for the now and web-reading.  An example of its ‘colouring’ are found below in Section 3 of this appendix.

     

    But that was Part II, and the Quest must venture on, and DD would not suit this purpose. 

     

    So it was, in the dilemma to abandon DD and cross to other shores, how to bridge this traversing to regular prose and dialogue:  to gently take this path, or fly furiously into the new realm.  As JJ would have counselled, it was deemed that this next episode should best strike like a piecing spear. 

     

    And so Part III, Chapter 1 was conjured-up with:  tumultuous tongue, terms, tone and texture; incongruities of expression (the complex alliterative alongside the simplicity of the objective account); of the melding of the animate and inanimate; the rampage of the senses, and the use of ‘signature words’.

     

    'Signature words' (SW) - the concept caused angst, consternation, frustration – but in the end, an overwhelming sense of rightness and commitment to the power of the technique.  For SW propels the writing, still with a great sense of spontaneity, from a richness of expression and depth of characterization, into a kaleidoscope of imagery. 

     

     

    1. What exactly is SW?  

     

    SW comes in two modes.

     

    In its purist mode, it designates a word in a particular form (other than some of the most basic articles, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions) as belonging to a character, thing or event etc, and once so assigned in that chapter, cannot be used in that exact form for any other.  So, as was specifically employed to designate Sauron, ‘he, him, his’ or for example, ‘powerful, broad, hair’ etc’, these words could not be used for the Captain, Lieutenant, Hall….   It sounds simple, but be assured, it is not.   This pure form was applied to those chapters of The Dark.  All under ten pages long, it was possible (but just barely) to maintain the rigor of this technique.

     

    However for the chapters of The Light, typically longer and more expansive, it was only possible to apply the signature when it related to the ‘modifiers’, those words which give special colour and meaning to a character, thing or event etc.   How this was managed practically is given below in section 4 of this Appendix.


    1. Direct Dialogue (DD)

     

    DD:  ‘that which is written, will speak as it occurred’: a ploy to capture the immediacy and emotive sense of the spoken word - plunging the reader into the ‘conversation’.

     

    Each character was identified by colour and font form (explained more fully below), thus by removing the need to constantly name the speaker in the text. 

     

    In reading, this took some getting used to, however, as one reader commented, within a few pages (aided by the refs) there was little difficulty in attributing the speaker, and carried away by the flow of dialogue, the reader felt totally immersed in the conversation.

     

    However, on advice, it was decided to remove the ‘colouring’, and use just limited text identifiers, however, the critical feature remained: the story was told by dialogue alone and its emotive impact.

     

    Nevertheless, it was agreed that as some readers may wish to ‘experience’ DD in its full form, that the introduction to the chapter (explaining DD) and the first six pages would be provided.  The full DD chapters are available on request from the author.

     

    So without further ado here is a small section of the unedited version:  enjoy!


     

    If you have not yet journeyed through The Prologue

    You are counselled to take this path first

    For much is written within on what lies afore.

     

    Of this Chapter 1, reading challenges abound

    You will experience something you have not before

    And while ‘direct dialogue’ may seem a daunting task

    Let the characters speak to you

    And soon you will not need key or sign

    But be immersed in their discourse.

     

     

    PartII Chapter 1

    The Meetings

    Of those of The Light and those of The Dark

     

     

    From ages and lands, in the future far apart

    They were called to bring forth, a new end and new start

    To a world still prey, to the Dark Lord and evil

    They sought to reverse, all of the Dark’s upheaval.

     

    They cried for the voices, in their words to be heard

    For that which is written, will speak as it occurred

    The words on the page are spoken, thought or whispered

    The mood of the voice, by written word depicted.

     

    The way for each character, to speak or be heard

    Is in the colour and voice of each written word

    The present and future intersect in this way

    With The Light and The Dark, in a coloured-array.

     

    The words of the present, their colour is expressed:

    The writer’; and her ‘other’, ‘the narrator’

     

    While those of The Light, are by coloured-form addressed:

    Gandalf Aragorn Éowyn Boromir Faramir Gimli Legolas Frodo Sam Merry Pippin

     

    For those of The Dark, their form from evil is swayed:

    Sauron; Great Nazgûl; Saruman; the Lieutenant; Master Mírdain   

     

    For the Reader these forms at regular intervals are displayed:

     

    Writer/Narrator ¬ Gandalf  Aragorn  Éowyn  Boromir  Faramir  Gimli  Legolas  Frodo  Sam  Merry  Pippin

    Sauron Great Nazgûl  Saruman the Lieutenant; Master Mírdain   

     

     

    Yet the voice of the words, needs further expression

    To bring forth in readers the speakers’ impression

    The reader must feel, the speakers' words as spoken

    By font-style these are for the reader are a token:

     

    Words which are spoken, in ‘regular font’ appear

    The voice which is raised, words are ‘bolded’ and austere

    Words just in a whisper, are in ‘small font’ given

    While those inner thoughts, by ‘italics’ are driven.

    Dialogue not transcribed, this by [ff ] is denoted

    For time passing without comment , [²] is devoted

    When thoughts from the present, add meaning to the word

    Readers by [Ù#] to Present’s thoughts are referred.

     

    For the times of meetings, of The Light and The Dark

    Set separately highlighted, the names so mark:

    Indicating those present of The Dark and of The Light

    And when not all together, so the list will cite.

     

    Of ‘languages’ spoken in The Ring of Light’s trial

    Of the words of The Light, The Dark and The Vial

    Readers may their transcription by ‘mouse-overs’ to show

    Yet their keys are appended, for all to know.                                                                        

    Ipa Bgepba si dopf sga sqipht, Ipa Bgepba si dohgs sgal,  

    Ipa Bgepha si nus sgopht qohgs epf op sga Mohgs uposa sgal.    


    ‘One Chance to find the wrongs,
    One Chance to fight them,
    One Chance to put things right and in The Light unite them.’

    Written in honour of the immortal words of the Master, JRR Tolkien:

    ‘One Ring to rule them all,
    One Ring to find them,
    One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them.

    Writer/Narrator

    Words/voice: spoken, raised, whispered, thought; not transcribed [f]; from the Present [Ù#]

    Time passing [²].

     

     

    She was late.  She did not know she was lateShe apologized.

    I have been so absorbed.  I must return… 

    She… 

     

    Be silent Narrator, the words must come only from the Speaker, you are wanted no more!

    Gandalf  Éowyn  



    Lew Sga Mohgs famoxaq wiu si tedasw – lew sga mohgs op wiu ennaeq!    

    May The Light deliver you to safety – may the light in you appear!

    You have come.  Come at last, when time is so short.  Yes, I knew you would come, but feared the delay.  Feared you could not overcome the doubt and find your place, your way.  Come Éowyn – come into The Light.  We are waiting.  We have been waiting for you to make us complete.  Step into The Light, Éowyn. 

    Across time my hands have reached out for you.  But your spirit flew ever further into the future and I could not be sure if I had touched you – touched you in time.

    Come Éowyn, we must make haste, but one task left there is for you to complete.  Éowyn, Éowyn, do not doubt now, do not despair for what lies ahead and must be dark behind.

     

     The words come to me as breaths from some great void.  I feel them like faint droplets, raining down on my being.  Who are you that beckons me?  Who and where are you?  Who pulls me from the shadows into The Light?

     

     Use the light that is inside you, let it shine Éowyn.  Do not waver; we are here; there is only one more step to take.  My hands are outstretched to you, only you must say the words.  Question no further, feel the words, Éowyn.  Say the words!

     

    The words, I feel the words, but all dark is behind me. I fear it is trying to engulf me.  I hear your gentle voice, dear soul.  I feel you pull me towards The Light.

    ²

     

    Through time I have travelled,

    Through darkness I have despaired,

    No surety of where to go,

    But knowing you are there.

     

    I feel your goodness, kind voice,

    I feel the goodness in you ahead,

    I feel no doubt remains within,

    But evil in the dark behind instead.

     

    I come to make the Quest complete,

    I come to put things right,

    I come to undo what goodness did not know,

    Would survive the last great blight.

     

    Ah Éowyn, it is truly you then.

     

    I feel your deep sigh and relief, kind spirit.

     

     Good Éowyn then step forward with your hope and determination.  They will light the way to us.  Your courage and confidence Éowyn will guide you to us. The time is short.

     

     I see you not against The Light, but know that you are where my journey must take me.


    I feel a light inside me – it soars from within me, and flows to The Light ahead.  I hear and fear the darkness behind me as it growls.  I feel it reaching for me, but my light, my light and The Light before me are now one. 

    I will be safe. I will be safe at last!

    On an alternate parallel:

    ‘...the Dark Lord on his dark throne…’ Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings

     

     

    Sauron  

     

    You are not safe yet maiden of Rohan.  I await to send you back in time, back to the darkness, to break this Ring of Light.  You will not escape.  Your doubt will send you back to me. 

     

    I await youI await your weakness. 

     

    Éowyn  

     

    I feel the hiss of hate behind me, as once I heard the howl of the Great Nazgûl before me in the Fields of Pelennor.  I will not, as then, cower to this evilI see the veil of The Light ahead, welcoming me.  But I must first face the darkness behind, so to this darkness I declare:

     

    Go back to nothingness Great Lord of Evil, you will not find life again here.  I will not be overcome by your venom and malice.  Friends stand waiting for me.  I am not yours!  I come to undo what goodness thought once right, and to see that you stay vanquished forever!

     

     

     I understand not the riddle of your words, maiden of Rohan.    Go to your friends, but mark my words, I need you not now.  You will feel more than the hiss of my hate soon enough.

     

    Ceak edn Wukrnojj diqq yenjapo cea unw zkinv cea he po.    

    Your own darkness will consume you and bring you to me.

     

    Gandalf  Éowyn  

     

    Éowyn, quick, walk to us through the veil of The Light, we have all come to change the end.  Danger lurks in the darkness into which you shout.  We are not yet ready to face that evil again.  Let not your courage play into his hands.  We have much yet to do.

     

     Yes, friend of The Light, I must not let my anger swell so that I do not see what is right to attempt.  I am with you now. 

    Could it be?  I feel your presence, and now see your form, dear Gandalf!  I hoped that it was you who called me.

     

     Yes fair Lady, my hands stretched across time for you, but your spirit had travelled far, and I feared that my force would not reach you in time.  But you are here, the last to come.  We are complete… or so; complete enough for our Quest.

     

     The last to come, but the others; who, where are they?

     

    Gandalf  Éowyn  Merry  Pippin

     

    They are all here. See now.  Merry and Pippin do not crowd Éowyn.  Give her some space. 

    Dear Lady Éowyn, it is wonderful to be with you once more…

     It is a grand day that we meet again my Lady; for Gandalf was gravely worried that you lay beyond his reach.

    Now you two, let Éowyn meet the others.

     It is so good to see you all.  How it brings fond memories when we felt the battle against the Dark Lord won.  And Merry and Pippin, why I think you have grown even more.  Dear Gimli, and Legolas, and Frodo and Sam, and Faramir... and Aragorn. 

    What strange circumstance brings us again together so.

     

     

    Sauron   Great Nazgûl  

     

    Hto Dukrnojj he yenlaok uqq.    

    The Darkness to conquer all.

    Tell me Captain, what of those that meet within The Light.

    We have none of them to fear Great Lord.  They are riddled with weakness, and they have no sight to see into the future.  Their failures of yester-year they are doomed to repeat.  We have no reason to fear them now my Lord.  Time is too late for them.

    Yet I fear them nevertheless.  Until we can break this Ring of Light, their weakness together may mean strength, and peril for us.   But we have time on our side.    You are right my Captain, my loyal deputy, we can wait.  Go to the Lieutenant and inform him that the maiden from Rohan has arrived, as foreseen.   Ask him if he has uncovered the secret of The Light!   And find the Master Mirdain.  I need to discuss his progress with the Rings.

    But hold Captain; do not take your leave just yet.  I need captured the wretched Stoor Creature who was possessed by ‘his precious’.  I know not exactly what this Ring of Light means, but he was once part of the destruction of The One.   They may yet need him, and it would be to our advantage to have him out of their reach.   And find the Wizard of Isengard.   He knows the White Wizard well, and although the White has grown in strength over time, the Dark Wizard’s understanding may be useful still.   I do not trust him, for he would have taken The One for himself if he could.   Yet, he is of no threat to me now.   For I know this of him and he knows that I know.   



    1. For those who want to know how was the SW technique managed

    SW was managed through recording the use of each word.  This meant that as a word was used, it was placed into a spread sheet, then if that word in that form called out to be used later for another, then a replacement word for the first had to be found.   This was relatively easy for the first few pages, not so for the last few.  It should be admitted, that in some cases, SW was not perfectly applied, as some words just refused to be held back and slipped through to appear again.

     

    For those who are interested, for the seven pages of this Chapter 1 of The Dark, the SW spread sheet is given below.




    abilities

    able (not)

    about

    abyss  

    accentuating acceptable

    across

    accustom

    admitted

    adorned

    adversaries

    affinity

    against

    Age

    aid

    ajar

    akin

    all-else

    all

    all

    allegiance

    a liken

    allowed

    alongside

    aloof

    alone

    along

    almost

    also

    although

    always

    amassed

    amorphous

    amused

    ancestry

    ancient

    Ancient One

    Anduin bears Angmar

    announcing

    answer

    anticipation

    anxiously

    any

    by any

    apart

    apocalyptic

    apologies

    appears

    appeared

    Ares-like

    army

    arraigned

    arrived

    as

    as-for

    ascended

    aside

    as if

    as though

    asked for

    assist

    as this

    at

    at bay

    at this

    audience

    Aulë

    aura

    austere

    aware

    awesomely

     

    back

    bad

    badge

    baleful

    balm

    bands

    bar

    barb

    barely

    baroque

    barrage

    basalt

    basanite

    based

    bass

    battle

    bearing

    beams

    beard

    beaten

    because

    behind

    being (v)

    being (n)

    beings

    beset

    beside

    bent-over

    between

    beyond

    black

    black-wolves of Angband

    Black- Númenórean blackness

    blackwood

    blade

    blaze

    blazed

    bleak

    bleeding

    black

    blind

    blind-door

    block

    blocks (v, n)

    blood

    blubbering

    boars

    body

    bonds

    booming

    botew

    both

    bowed low

    breath

    breathless

    brings

    broad

    bronze

    burly

    burst open

    but

    by

    bygone

     

    came

    came before

    candelabra

    candle-lights

    candles

    cannot

    capable

    captives

    capture

    Carach Angren

    carried

    carved

    carrying

    cast

    caste

    cause

    caused

    cauterized

    cavernous

    ceiling

    centre

    certain

    clearly

    cold

    chairs

    chamber

    changing

    chaos

    chill

    chilling

    choose

    clad

    clasped

    clipped

    cleaved

    cloak

    close

    closed

    closeness (not)

    closest

    clue

    clue (no)

    coarse

    coarse-spun

    coffin

    cold

    colossal

    colour

    combat

    common

    commitment communiqué

    complained

    complete

    complexion

    concealed-all concerned

    conference confidence

    confident

    conflict

    connection

    conscious

    consequences constructed

    consumed by

    contact

    continuing

    contracted

    control

    controlled

    conversed

    copper

    corpse-like

    counter

    courage

    covered

    covering

    craftsman

    crater

    craved

    creature

    crest

    crossed

    cruel

    cusp

    cut

    daring

    daring (not)

    dark

    Dark Captain

    Dark Lord

    darker

    darkness

    dealings

    dedication

    deep

    ‘deep-moonless-night’

    deeply

    definiteness

    deliver

    delivered

    demanded

    depth (no)

    denied

    depictions

    derived

    desperate

    detected

    devoured

    different

    directly

    discerned

    discernible

    disciple

    discourse

    discussion

    dismembered dismissing

    dismounted

    displayed

    division

    door

    doors

    doorway

    double-doors

    down (adj adv)

    downward

    dragon’s eye

    draped

    drapes

    drawing-back

    dread

    dwarfed by

    dwelt

    dying

     

    each

    early

    eastern

    ebony

    eight-pointed          

    elves

    emblems

    emerged

    emissary

    encampment

    end

    ends

    enigma

    enormous

    enraged 

    ensuing

    enter

    entered

    entire

    entirely

    entity

    enveloping

    escape

    escort

    essence

    etched

    even

    ever

    except

    exclaimed

    excuse

    expanse

    explained

    expressed

    extended

    eyes

     

    fabric

    façade

    face

    facing

    failure

    fallen

    false

    false-steps

    far

    far (not)

    fathomless

    fealty

    fear

    fearful

    feature

    features

    feel

    feeling

    feet

    fell

    festering

    few

     fierce

    fiery

    fighting

    figure

    figures

    filled

    finger

    fire

    fire-stick

    Firien Wood

    Five

    first

    Flag-ship

    flesh

    flew

    flickering

    floor

    flowed

    flowing

    foot

    foray

    foreboding

    force

    forceful

    forest

    forest-edge

    forever

    forged

    forgotten

    for here

    form

    forms

    formed

    formidable

    forlorn

    fostered

    for this

    frame

    framed by

    frames

    frantic

    fray

    frenzied

    from

    frustration

    full

    fuming

    furiously

    further

     

    Gandalf

    gargantuan

    gave

    gaze

    getting

    giant

    gifts

    gigantic

    glaring

    globes

    gloom

    goliath

    golden

    gloved

    go

    granted

    gravely

    great

    Great Hall

    grecian

    grey

    greyed

    grim

    grimace

    growing

    guard

    guarded

    guise

     

    had

    had been

    hair

    hall

    halls

    hammering

    hand

    handle

    hands

    Haradrim

    harshly

    he

    head

    heal

    hear

    heard (could not)

    heard by

    heard out

    hearth

    heavy

    heavily

    heedfully

    height

    here

    hewn

    hewed

    hide

    hidden

    high

    high-back

    him

    himself

    hinged

    hinges

    his

    hissed

    hold

    holding

    homeric

    honour

    hooded

    hours

    hovered

    however

    huge

    hull

    hulking

    hung

    hurried-back

    hushed

     

    idolatry

    illuminated

    images

    imbued

    immediately

    immense

    immersed

    impatiently

    imposing

    incised

    indeed

    index-finger

    in

    in fact

    infiltrated

    infused

    injury

    inlayed

    inner

    intently

    in this

    inside

    insidious

    insightfulness

    installed

    instantly

    instilled

    intent

    intention

    interested

    interested (not)

    interference interrupted

    interruption

    into

    instructions

    intruder

    intrusion

    irises

    iron

    it  (Hall)

    its

    it was not

     

    jet

    jealous of

    join

    juncture

     

    keep

    knee-high

    knew

    knock

    knocked

    knocking

    knowing

     

    laid

    lance

    lance’s

    later

    large

    lay

    leading

    leaned over

    leather

    leave

    legacy

    legendary

    legs

    length

    leviathan

    Lieutenant of the Tower

    Lieutenant’s

    life

    life (no)

    lifted

    light

    Light’s 

    like

    like that of

    limp

    limped

    lingered

    linked

    lips

    listening

    lit

    livid

    longer (no)

    locate

    locked

    lodged

    looked-down

    looked-up

    looked-at

    loomed

    lose

    loosely

    lost

    lowly

    loyalty

     

    made

    Maia

    Maiar of Aulë

    maintained

    making

    malice

    malicious

    mammoth

    man

    mane

    manipulated

    manuscripts

    many (n, adj)

    marble

    marked

    marking

    massive

    Master

    Master’s

    mastery

    me

    measured

    meet

    men

    menace

    menacing

    menacingly

    merely

    merciless

    message

    metal-bars

    middle

    Middle-earth

    midst

    mighty

    Minastir

    minutes

    missed by missing

    missive

    misrepresented misunderstood mixed

    moment

    momentarily monstrous

    Mordor

    more

    more than

    Morgoth

    mortals

    morning mountainous

    mounted

    moved

    mud-dressing

    much

    murmur

    must

    muttering

    mystery

    mystic

    My Lord

     

    name

    Nazgûl

    Near

    Necromancer

    need

    needed

    never

    news

    no

    noise

    no-one

    north

    no such

    nose

    none

    north-eastern

    northern

    not

    not until

    not that

    nothing

    nothingness

    now

    Númenor

    Númenóreans

     

    oak

    obscured

    of which

    off

    offering

    ‘old lore’

    ominous

    once-more

    one-end

    one (person)

    one (number)

    only

    onyx

    open

    opened

    opening

    oppose

    oppression

    orbs

    order of things

    orc

    ornamentation

    other (n, adj)

    others

    out

    out of

    outside

    over

    overheard

    own

    pace

    palantir

    pall

    panelling

    panels

    panting

    partly

    parts

    past

    patined

    pelt

    perceive

    permitted

    persuasive

    persuasiveness pervaded

    petrified

    physical

    piceous

    piece

    piercing

    pillars

    pitiful

    pitted

    place

    planks

    plans

    plunder

    poised

    portal

    portals

    possession

    pounding

    powerful

    powers

    presence

    presented

    prevailed

    previous

    primeval

    proclaimed

    problem

    proceed

    profusely projected pronouncement

    proportions

    protruded

    proud

    prowess

    pulled-out

    pupils

    purged

    purpose

    pushing

     

    quaking

    quarter (no)

    questioned

    quick

    quickened

    quiver

     

    raced

    rallied

    ravaged

    raven

    reached

    realized

    reared

    receiving

    recent recognised

    red

    redwoods

    reigned

    relationship remained remaining remnants

    rent

    repelled

    report

    replicated

    replied

    reply

    repulsed

    resenting

    resilience

    resist

    resonating resounding

    response

    restored

    retraced

    retreated

    return

    returned

    reverence

    reverberated

    right

    rigid

    ripped-out

    risen

    robe

    robed

    rock

    rode

    rose

    row

    rumbling

    running

    rushed

    rusted

     

    sable-coloured safely

    said

    sallow

    salvaged

    same

    sat

    savage

    save

    save for

    Saruman

    Sauron

    scorn

    scorched

    scoured

    scowling

    screeched sculptured

    scurried

    sealing

    sea

    seat

    seated

    secret

    secreted

    see (could not)

    seen (not)

    seeing-stone

    seeks

    seeking

    seem

    seemed

    seemingly

    sense

    sentiment

    serpent

    served

    sentinels

    severe

    severed

    shadow

    shadows

    shadowy

    shadowiness

    shaft

    shaman

    shape

    sheathed by

    shields

    ships

    shipwrecked

    short

    sheathed

    shoulders

    shroud

    shrouded

    shuddering

    shut

    shutter

    shutters

    side

    sight

    sign

    silence

    silhouette

    single

    sinister

    six (feet high)

    size

    skin

    skins

    slab

    slammed

    slammed-shut

    small

    smiths

    smoke

    smouldering

    snarl

    so

    soaring

    soft-flesh soldier

    sole

    solemn

    solitary

    sombre

    some

    sonorous

    sorcery

    sorely

    sought

    sound

    sounded

    source

    southern

    spanning

    spear

    speared

    special

    spirit

    splendour

    spluttered

    spoke

    spoken

    squirmed

    stabbed

    stalked off

    standing

    star

    stature

    stench

    steps

    still

    stoicism

    stone

    stone-block

    stone-wall

    stormily

    stood

    stopped

    story

    stout

     

    straight

    streaks

    stretching

    strides

    strive

    strode

    strong

    stronger

    structure

    structures

    stabbed

    stoicism

    stood

    stout

    strode

    stunning

    submission subterranean

    such

    suede

    suited

    summoned

    supported by

    supports

    surcoat

    survival

    suspect

    suspicious

    swarthy

    sword

    symbols

     

     

    table

    table-top

    tales

    tall

    taller

    take

    take (could not)

    Tar-Ciryatan

    tarnished

    taut

    telepathic

    tellings

    terror

    The Dark

    The Light

    The Light’s

    them

    then

    The One

    these

    The Two

    thick

    thigh

    things

    thinking

    thirty

    this

    those

    three

    tidings

    tightly

    time

    thin

    though

    threat

    threshold

    threw

    throne

    through

    thud

    timber

    time

    titanic

    themselves

    thinking

    those

    thought

    threatening

    three

    throne

    through

    thumping

    together

    told

    tolerated

    took

    took command

    took leave

    tools

    tones

    totally

    towards

     towered

    towering

    towering-above

    trailed high transmission

    tread

    treasures

    trees

    trunk

    trunks

    trying

    turning

    trusted

    two

    two-rods

     

    unadorned

    uncovered

    undetectable

    understood

    union

    unlit

    upon

    unopened

    upwards

    urgent

    ushered

    utterances

    uttered

     

    vastly

    vault

    vaulted

    viewing

    violent

    violone

    virtually

    venture

    very

    vision

    visions

    voice

    voices

    void

     

    wait

    waited

    walk

    walked

    walls

    warrior

    wary

    was that of

    was not

    wax

    way

    we

    weak

    weakness

    weary

    weight

    well

    were

    western

    without

    what

    when

    where

    which

    whispering

    White Wizard

    wizard

    who

    whole

    whose

    why

    wick

    will

    windows

    wished

    wishes

    wit

    with

    with that

    within

    without

    witnessed

    Wizard Saruman

    wolf

    won

    wood

    wooden

    words

    world

    wound

    wrath

    wrought

     

     

    years

    yet

    you

    your


     

     

     

    Ù8     Appendix 8 - Part III: Chapter  4.1

    The visions of the Ent and the searching of the Wizard and Hobbits

     


      Ù8.1  Morsel of lore
      Sun and sky ablaze, Gandalf made his way; the hobbits listening intently, absorbing each morsel of lore.

     

    Differential and integral calculus; the law of gravitation; reflecting telescope; conservation of momentum; champagne; calculating machine; distance to Mars; universal joint; pressure cooker; steam engine; rejection of  absolute space and time; wave theory of light; theory of probability; seed drill; piano; tuning fork; atmospheric steam engine; diving bell; mercury thermometer; fire extinguisher; making of oxygen; heat is motion; flying shuttle; cure for scurvy; electrical capacitor; lightening rod; English dictionary; sextant; chromatic lens; marine chronometer; spinning jenny; carbonated water; spinning frame; improved steam engine; electric telegraph; flush toilet; electric telegraph; steamship; submarine; spinning mule; bi-focal eyeglasses; circular saw; Critique of Pure Reason; Uranus; Newtonian black hole; law of combustion; hot-air balloon; parachute; self-winding clock; steel roller;

     

      Ù8.2  In search of the one
      So through instruments of agriculture, transport and the horrors of execution,  and considering those of building, food, health and conception, they, Maia and hobbits in unison,  guided by their Shepherd of the Trees, travelled in search of the one

     

    threshing machine; safety lock; power boom; chemical bleaching; torsion balance; guillotine; contact electricity; gas turbine; bicycles; gas lighting; ambulance; cotton gin; ball bearings jar; smallpox vaccination; carding machine; lathe; soft-drink; lithography; battery of zinc and copper plates; sheet paper-making; Jacquard loom; gas lighting; steam ship; arc lamp; printing press; tin can; steam powered locomotive; plastic surgery; spectroscope; photography; blood transfusion; stethoscope; dinosaur fossil; catalogue of 3222 stars; laws of electrodynamic action; water-proof fabric; toy balloon; Portland cement; essence of human fertilization; safety matches; microphone; typewriter; Braille printing; sewing machine; law of electrical induction; magnetic position of North Pole; chloroform; analytical engine design; reaper; electric dynamo;

     

      Ù8.3  Man had accomplished
      They were immersed in the awe of what man had accomplished in science, agriculture, communication, medicine and the study of his beginnings. 

     

    corn planter; refrigerator; calotype photography; wrench; propeller; revolver; telegraph; Halley’s comet; air-conditioning; measurement of fixed star; ozone layer; artificial fertilizer; postage stamp; morse code; hydrogen fuel cell; platform scales; rubber vulcanization; blueprint; stapler; grain elevator; facsimile; mercerized cotton; pneumatic tyre; anesthesia; antiseptics; safety pin; reinforced concrete; measurement of speed of light; thermodynamics; law of magnetic induction; Neanderthal skull; ‘Origin of the Species’; gyroscope; airship; glider; fiber optics; rayon; pasteurization;  ‘Man’s Place in Nature’; high explosive rifle bullet; transatlantic cable;  steel; rotary washing machine; internal combustion engine; elevator with brakes; yale lock; telephone; machine gun; dynamite; torpedo;

     

      Ù8.4  To stand out
      ...so half-heartedly Gandalf asked Treebeard to give his description of a few that seemed to stand out. 

     

    Cro-Magnon skeleton; antiseptic principles; airbrakes; tungsten steel; traffic lights; periodic table of elements;  celluloid; excavation of Troy; germ theory of disease;  periodic system of elements; metal windmill; mail-order catalog; electromagnetic theory; barbed wire; carpet sweeper; 4-cycle gas engine; moving pictures; excavation of Mycenae; electric light bulb; electrical locomotive; cholera vaccine; anthrax vaccine; rabies vaccines; hydroelectric plant; skyscraper; toilet paper; seismograph; metal detector; roll film; automatic player piano; fountain pen; cash register; steam turbine; machine gun; automobile; motorcycle; Coca-Cola; radar; gramophone; contact lenses; AC motor-transformer; electromagnetic waves; matchbook; cordite; antitoxins; tetanus vaccine; diphtheria vaccine;  escalator; diesel-fueled internal combustion engine; vacuum flash;


     

     

     

    Ù9     Appendix 9 - Part III: Chapter 4.2

    The visions of the Ent and the searching of the Wizard and Hobbits (continued)

     

      Ù9.1  Doggedly he returned to the matter at hand, the next fifty on Treebeard’s list. 

     

    alternating-current generator; steel-frame buildings; robot; insulin for diabetes; zipper; carborundum; cinematographe; motion picture; x-rays; typhoid fever vaccine; plague vaccine; malaria treatment; wireless; radium; roller coaster; diesel engine; vacuum cleaner; quantum theory; Zeppelin; ‘Laws of Radiation’; telegraphic messages; safety razor; neon light; lie detector; arc generator; flight of man – motorized airplane; ultramicroscope; silicones; tractor; vacuum diode; ‘Special Theory of Relativity’; Alzheimer disorder; term allergy; colour photography; conditioned reflexes; piloted helicopter; Ford Model T-Ford; plastic; ‘Treatise on Radiography’; Halley’s comet observed; theory on atomic structure; ‘ecstasy’ drug; zipper; term vitamine; protons and electrons; theory if continental drift; Vitamin A; rocketry experiments; ‘General Theory of Relativity’; fighter airplane; ‘Theory of Transfinite Numbers’;

     

      Ù9.2  As Gandalf journeyed through the list he saw a pattern emerging.

     

    refrigeration of blood for transfusion; tanks; telescope; shortwave radio; radios; stainless steel; Rorschach inkblot test; robot; sound film system; distance to star nebula; insulin;  insecticide; quantum mechanics; Vitamin B; Atlantic flight; B&W television; cardiac pacemaker; aerosol can; quartz clock; iron lung; penicillin; Geiger counter; teleprinters; quartz crystal clocks; colour television; talking films; yellow fever vaccine; gas turbine; photoflash bulb; iron lung; planet Pluto; jet engine; heavy hydrogen; cyclotron; neutron; nylon; aircraft carrier; male hormone; radar; ballpoint pen; nuclear fission; DDT; helicopter; electron microscope; Plutonium; electronic computer; magnetic recording tape; photocopier; atom split ‘Manhattan Project’; electron microscope; atomic bomb;

     

      Ù9.3  The three were stunned by the achievements, only dreamt by them in the realm of the Valar:

     

    jet airplanes; nuclear reactor; Kidney dialysis; fully electronic computer; supersonic flight; microwave oven; transistor; long-playing record; 200 inch reflecting telescope; missiles;  telescope; holography; mobile phones;  antihistamines; power-steering; video-tape recorder; heart-lung machine; credit card; cinerama; contraceptive pill; lung cancer linked to smoking; hydrogen bomb; solar cell; optical fibre; hovercraft; modem; integrated circuit; black box recorder; DNA structure; nuclear powered submarine; ultra high frequency waves; earth satellite Sputnik; satellite Explorer; radiation belts around earth; satellite Lunik reaches moon; microchip; solar water heater; laser device;  laser-aided holograms; weather-satellite; black box flight recorder; bathyscaphe ‘Trieste’; internal pace-maker; man in space; ultrasound scanner;  structure of DNA molecule; Venus probe; man in earth orbit; Thalidomide;

     

      Ù9.4  But they were not to be diverted from their mission by the darkness that threatened to consume them, so they continued their search. 

     

    quasars; Ranger photos of moon; man walk in space; Luna 9 soft-landing on moon; artificial heart;

    heart transplant; pulsating radio waves; hand held calculator; man walks on moon; Mariner Mars pictures; Venera spacecraft lands on Venus; microsurgery; super-sonic aircraft; Interscan; electronic ignition system; floppy disc; manned space-ship; word-processor; pictures of Venus; 2.5 million old human skull; pictures of Jupiter; Mars probe; 3-D imaging of brain; subatomic particle; ozone layer damage reported; new species of bacteria; magnetic resonance; CT scans; ‘test-tube baby’; in-vitro fertilization; surrogacy; ring around Jupiter; supercomputers;  bionic ear ; photographs of Saturn; cornea replacement; kidney dialysis machine;  personal computer; power protector; AIDS identified; ‘Virtual reality’ term;  colour photos of Venus; space shuttle; Macintosh computer; compact disc; transputer; hole in ozone layer; Voyager 2 to Uranus; photos of Halley’s comet; transatlantic optical fibre telephone cable;

     

      Ù9.5  They felt the savage sting of the Dark Lord’s gaze, but it did not divert them from their course, thirty-five to go!

     

    voyager space-flights; human growth hormone receptor; super-conductor; world-wide-web, internet & e-mail; internet virus; web-TV;  new planet 4th closest star; universe is accelerating; mad-cow disease; artificial liver; clone of adult sheep; multi-focal contact lens; balloon flight around world; human genome; international space station; Relenza; activa tremor control therapy; retinal scanning display; digital angel; space probes and discoveries to Mars and Saturn; virtual ultrasound; birth control patch; icopod; nanotechnology; optical camouflage system; aviation and space planet; floating train; camera phone;  personal health statscan; YouTube; military search and rescue robot; TopSat spy satellite; stem cell; genetic modeling; Electro Needle Biomedical Sensor Array